Religion and the Sabbath/Sunday Worship Part 5B: Paul, Luke, and the Acts of the Apostles.
The Acts of the Apostle or in short the Acts’ known author is Luke who was a beloved Physician, companion, and coworker of Paul. The Gospel according to Luke, is also called the Gospel of Luke, and some called it Luke and St. Luke to other denominations. Luke traces Jesus’ genealogy back to Adam which differs from Matthew’s genealogy of Jesus to Abraham, birth, ministry, death, resurrection, and ascension of Jesus Christ. The Acts of the Apostles mention the word Christian; in Acts 11:26 and 26:28.
Paul is believed to dictate to Luke what to write and his influence in the development of Christianity is overwhelming. The gospel according to Luke portrays Jesus as a man with an image of the divine, compassionate for the poor and the oppressed, and also neglected cultures, such as the Samaritans, the women, and the Gentiles in general. Being the Son of God and Lord of Sabbath, Jesus was the man that did healing miracles on Sabbath days.
Why does Luke’s gospel focus on the Gentiles? Being a Gentile could be one of the reasons why Luke focused on the Gentiles and anticipation that his readers could also be non-Jews. He was also with Paul on the journey to reach the Gentiles. Another reason was also Paul’s interest to join the apostles of Jesus Christ but Paul failed and refocused his interest to the Gentiles which later made him an Apostle. When Barnabas learned that Paul had a different doctrine, he decided to withdraw his support to Paul’s ministry even though Paul helped him indoctrinate the new disciples of Christ in Antioch – Acts 11:25-26.
Paul could have gotten his knowledge about Jesus from either Peter, James, or Barnabas who later passed it on to Luke. None of the writers of the Gospel ever met Jesus; all were anonymous and were known and named as According to Matthew, …Mark, …Luke, and John. Paul met Peter in Jerusalem three years after his conversion, then followed by James a decade later. He also met John-Galatians 2:9.
None of the apostles trusted Paul because of his tarnished reputation of persecuting the followers of Christ.
Luke’s Gospel together with Matthew and Mark is a synoptic gospel which means they have almost similar stories regarding the life of Jesus. Early Christian believers had believed that the gospel of Mark was the oldest and the very first to write the gospel and his gospels were said only copied by Matthew and Luke. We have to remember that the Gospels were written when all the apostles of Jesus Christ were gone and the writers may have only heard these from hearsays or from others who they thought had the knowledge and were reliable. For example, first-hand knowledge like the first line descendants of the apostles or the descendants of 70 or 72 (depending on the version of the Bible) disciples that Jesus sent on missions to preach and to perform miracles of healing.
In hindsight, these descendants had the key to the truth. This could be possible and these writers could not get any better truth than that. 70 or 72 disciples were sent out by Jesus to spread his Word. The believers must not be confused when they apply God’s perfect number 10. 10 indicates God’s authority, completeness, order, and divine perfection. God gave Moses the Ten (10) Commandments, humans have ten fingers and 10 toes. When we apply God’s number to settle which is which, then, we will never be wrong.
As for the other Sabbath subject recorded in the Acts of the Apostles, it does support that Jesus, the Apostles, and Disciples observed Sabbath rest and the LORD’s Day (LORD is the Almighty God)
Acts 13:14—But when they departed from Perga, they came to Antioch in Pisidia, and went into the synagogue on the Sabbath day and sat down.
Acts 16:13—And on the Sabbath day, we went out of the city to the riverside, where prayer was customarily made; and we sat down and spoke to the women who met there.
Acts 17:2—Then Paul, as his custom was, went into them, and for three Sabbaths reasoned with them from the Scriptures,
Acts 13:42-44—So when the Jews went out of the synagogue, the Gentiles begged that these words might be preached to them the next Sabbath. Now when the congregation had broken up, many of the Jews and devout proselytes followed Paul and Barnabas, who, speaking to them, persuaded them to continue in the grace of God. On the next Sabbath, almost the whole city came together to hear the word of God.
Acts 18:4—And he reasoned in the synagogue every Sabbath and persuaded both Jews and Greeks.
The Acts of the Apostles 11:26 and Acts 26:28 mentioned the word, Christian.
God is all in all