Epistles (Letters)

Epistles to Timothy & Titus

Gospel 9 – The Good News of Pastoral Epistles Corrected 4/10/2022

Timothy-Christ is our teacher

German scholar Ferdinand Christian Baur- 1840, accepted only four of the letters bearing Paul’s name as genuine, which he called the Hauptebriefe as follows: Romans, 1 and 2 Corinthians, and Galatians. With these findings by scholars of yesteryears and by the modern New Testaments, the Church which is the Body of Christ, should not be troubled and should not cause confusion that might lead to doubtful minds about the infallibility of the Bible.  Let not our hearts be troubled.  if we believe in God, we should also believe in His word. If we want to be loved, we also need to give love.

To be filled with love all believers must come with a pure heart, clean hands, and good conscience.  Thus then,  love will deliver a genuine and unshakeable trust in him that delivered us from sin. Jesus said “Peace I leave with you. My peace I give to you; not as the world gives, I give to you. Don’t let your heart be troubled, neither let it be fearful. You heard how I told you, ‘I go away, and I come to you.’ If you loved me, you would have rejoiced, because I said ‘I am going to my Father;’ for the Father is greater than I. Now I have told you before it happens so that when it happens, you may believe.”— John 14:27-30 World English Bible.

None of us is exempted from sinning so no one has a pure heart because humans, to begin with, have a sinful nature. The sin of Adam is no longer the sin of mankind since we are redeemed by the blood of Jesus Christ. Jesus is not coming back to save us again and if we need to be cleansed of our ongoing disobedience, we need to be cleansed and purified by the power of the Word of God. We have to make a u-turn to walk away from sin because our faith is so shallow that it can be measured by just a dot of temptations. Let our love be justified by faith and let our conscience testify that our souls would never abandon nor ignore the love of God. 

The good news about the Epistle to Timothy is our responsibility as recorded in 2:1-3. God is the Judge, and He is the law. The law was written out of love and respect, it serves as guidance to be obedient and chastise us if we do something wrong. Law is not made for the righteous person, but for the lawless, “as knowing this, that law is not made for a righteous person, but for the lawless and insubordinate, for the ungodly and sinners, for the unholy and profane, for murderers of fathers and murderers of mothers, for manslayers, for the sexually immoral, for homosexuals, for slave-traders, for liars, for perjurers, and any other thing contrary to the sound doctrine, 1 Timothy 1:9-10 (WEB).

Paul could have added more sins that humans can handle without exerting any effort rather than doing a good thing.  In Timothy3, Paul listed the requirements for church overseers and this will serve as guidance for the eligibility of those people standing behind the pulpit if they preach and teach the word of God without blemish, and if they are rightly dividing the word of truth. It also tells us that the attitude and character will show the level of maturity of the person that leads the church. If any of these is not being followed, then as a member of the congregation you have the right to ask, so everything is being corrected.

We are also told to respect the elders who are worthy of double respect. We have to provide help to those members of the household who are less fortunate. We must help the poor, the widow without a family. In the letter to Timothy, it is the duty of the congregation to reach out and give helping hands. This passage was revealed to us that the Scripture is God’s breath, a love letter to His children.  2 Timothy 3:16-17 (WEB)— Every Scripture is God-breathed and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and instruction in righteousness, that each person who belongs to God may be complete, thoroughly equipped for every good work.  

There are many different parts but it is only one body and to make the body united, one must respect the diversity of gifts. Jesus entrusted to us the work of the ministry for equipping the faithful, and for edifying the Body of Christ, we called —The Church. The Body of Christ forms the ministry according to the gift received which are given to some individuals who are chosen to be apostles,  prophets,  evangelists,  pastors, and teachers. With one missing the ministry, the body is not a whole.— Ephesians 4:11 (emphasis added is mine)

Titus –Maintain good work

The letter to Titus shows us the method for discipleship, the pattern of good work, and the enhancement of the doctrine of grace. Titus 2:11-14 (WEB). Titus was assigned to minister at the island of Crete where the house church needed restoration due to sins and corruption of the citizens.   Paul described the requirements and duties of the elders and bishops and part of Titus’ job was to appoint godly elders and teachers and to oversee that the house church is in order and free of any distraction from Jewish doctrine especially the doctrine of circumcision. Titus served as a Pastor and later he was elevated and consecrated as Bishop of Crete.   

Jesus is the grace sent by God and whoever believes in him is already justified and will not perish (John 3:16), and the letter to Titus confirmed that justification by faith. In Titus 3: 4-7—“ But when the kindness and love of God our Savior appeared’ ‘he saved us, not because of righteous things we had done, but because of his mercy. He saved us through the washing of rebirth and renewal by the Holy Spirit’ ‘whom he poured out on us generously through Jesus Christ our Savior’ ‘so that, having been justified by his grace, we might become heirs having the hope of eternal life.’’ God the Father is the SAVIOR and He sent the Son Jesus the Savior on a mission. Jesus means God saves, God rescue.

We want to make it known that God’s love sent the Son with the message and the Father’s gift of salvation, and to make it work Paul told Titus as stated in 3:8— “This saying is faithful, and concerning these things I desire that you affirm confidently, so that those who have believed God may be careful to maintain good works. These things are good and profitable to men;” Let us also be aware and not ignore the warning in Titus 3:9-11—“but shun foolish questionings, genealogies, strife, and disputes about the law; for they are unprofitable and vain.’ ‘Avoid a factious man after a first and second warning’ ‘knowing that such a one is perverted and sins, being self-condemned.”

To maintain good work, love should always comes first. Respect is part of love, and honor comes next, but without forgiveness, all work will go down the drain.

Just to keep our knowledge updated, the New Testament scholars agreed to these findings:

There are currently five Pauline Epistles which are known as pseudepigraphical: First and Second Timothy, Hebrews, Ephesians, and Titus.

The following seven Pauline Epistles are regarded as genuinely authored by Paul: Romans, First and Second Corinthians, Galatians, Philippians, Philemon, and First Thessalonians.

Ask the Holy Spirit within you regarding this update. Pray and meditate on it.

God is all in all.

Bishop Joseph

Dr. Joseph Vitug, Ph.D. - Bishop Emeritus

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